The title of the European Capital of Culture will be issued in 1985. Every year, there are two European Capital of Culture in Europe. In 2011, the European Capital of Culture was Tallinn.
The aim of the Capital of Culture is to demonstrate the diversity of European cultures, common features, increase the sense of belonging of European citizens to a single cultural space and contribute to the development of cities through culture.
The title of the Capital of Culture gives the city a significant development leap enhancing its international profile, but also a reputation in the eyes of the city's inhabitants, brings tourists to the city and gives new breath to the cultural life of the city.
According to the selection criteria of the European Capital of Culture, the historic efforts of the cities have not yet been evaluated or what has been done so far, but the extent to which the City is capable of winning the title of Capital of Culture.
All cities selected as European Capitals of Culture in recent years have been challenging cities that have mapped out specific bottlenecks that require clear and measurable solutions.